전치사 + 관계대명사


앞 문장과 공통의 명사가 뒷 문장에서 전치사의 목적어일 때 관계대명사 앞에 전치사가 온다.

She introduced her friends to the man. + She was engaged to him

she introduced her friends to the man to whom shoe was engaged.



대화 표현에서는 전치사가 관계절의 뒤에 남늘 수 있다 (미국인들 습관)

She introduced her friends to the man whom she was engaged to



전치사는 선행사 또는 관계절의 동사에 따라 결정된다.

We attended a convention at which everyone exchanged business cards

(= at the convention)

문맥상 ~에서 라는 뜻이 되야 하므로 전치사 at이 관계대명사 앞에 온다.


This is the examination for which I've been preparing.

(for the examination)

동사 prepare는 전치사 for와 짝을 이루어 '~을 준비하다' 라는 의미가 되므로 전치사 for가 관계대명사 앞에 온다.



전치사+that은 허용하지 않는다.

She introduced her friends to the man to that she was engaged (->whom)



'전치사+관계대명사' 뒤에는 완전한 절이 온다.

This is the suspect to whom the police asked many questions.




in which (=where)


in which를 쓰면 문어체 느낌이 많이 난다. 논문 작성시 많이 나오는 표현이다.


The town where Jane lives is quite rural

The town that Jane live is in is quite rural

The town in which Jane lives is quite rural.


The beach where we found that boat is on the south side of the lake.

The beach that we found that boast in is on the south side of the lake.

The beach in which we found that boat is on the south side of the lake.


The apartment where Jack stays has a nice view of the city.

The apartment that Jack stays in has a nice view of the city.

The apartments in which Jack stays has a nice view of the city.


that의 경우 전치사 뒤에 올 수 없는것이 포인트이다.




Which 와 Where 각각을 이용한 장소 설명



which를 이용해서 장소에 대한 위치를 설명 할 수 있다.


Dundas Square, which is in Totronto, is a popular tourist attraction.

Queen Margherita, which is in Dundas West, is my favorite pizzeria.

Jack's house, which is next to mine, has a beautiful garden.



where의 경우 그 장소에서 일어나는 일 설명

Dundas Square, where many tourists go, is a fun place to visit.

Queen Margherita, where you can get amazing pizza, is always crowded.

Jack's house, where I met Jane for the first time, is located in North York.


of whom


Tom is the student of whom Jack is proud.

-> Tom is the student. Jack is proud of the student.


of which

실제로는 격식형으로 동물 사람, 사물에 관계없이 많으 쓰임.


This is a play, the style of which is typical of the period. (of which ,이것의 또는 그것의


The house has now been repaired. + Its roof was damaged.

= The house whose roof was damaged has now been repaired.

= The house the roof of which was damaged has now been repaired.

= The house of which the roof was damaged has now been repaired.  


The house whose roof is covered with snow is beautiful.

= The house the roof of which is covered with snow is beautiful.

= The house of which the roof is covered with snow is beautiful.


on which


My hobby is photograph, on which I spend most of my spare time.

-> My hobby is photograph. I spend most of my spare time on photograph.

콤마가 선행사 뒤에 있으므로, 비 제한적 용법. 즉 계속적 용법이라고 불리우는 표현이다.

계속적 용법이므로, 취미가 하나가 있는데 그 취미에 많은 시간을 보낸다는 뜻이다.













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